At The White Smile Company®, the safety of the whitening treatments is guaranteed. This means that the treatment will not have any adverse effects on your teeth. As a professional clinic, we are well aware of the fact that a treatment should be safe, pleasant and give good results. Therefore, we take the full responsibility for extremely safe and effective treatments.
In contrast to many dental clinics, The White Smile Company® exclusively utilizes pH neutral (pH 7) whitening gels without hydrogen peroxide, which contain natural substances such as sodium bicarbonate (also known as baking soda). These non-peroxide gels are completely harmless to your teeth and not a threat to your health. Besides, our whitening gels completely exclude sensitivity during or after treatment and do not affect your tooth enamel or cause irritated gums or sensitive tooth necks. If you have your teeth whitened at The White Smile Company®, we will make your teeth as white as possible, without altering the teeth structure.
The plasma lamps we use for our whitening treatments transmit no warmth or UV light, thanks to an in-built infrared filter and a light frequency which lies entirely outside the UV spectrum. The light from the lamps is completely safe.
If your dentist still has questions about the safety of whitening treatments at The White Smile Company®, he or she could contact us so we can provide more information about how we guarantee the safety of your teeth.
In past decades, research has been carried out across the world regarding the safety of teeth whitening. A number of the most important research studies, which you can find on the internet, are listed below.
- Akal N, Over H, Olmez A, Bodur H. Effects of carbamide peroxide containing bleaching agents on the morphology and subsurface hardness of enamel. J Clin Pediatr Dent 2001;25;293-296.
- Al-Qunaian T. The effect of whitening agents on caries susceptibility of human enamel. Oper Dent 2005;30-2:265-270.
- Baldissara P, Catapano S, Scotti R. Clinical and histological evaluation of thermal injury thresholds in human teeth. J Oral Rehabil 1997;24:791-801.
- Basting RT, Rodriges AL Jr, Serra MC. The effect of 10% carbamide peroxide bleaching material on microhardness of sound and demineralized enamel and dentin in situ. Oper Dent 2001;26:531-539.
- Basting RT, Rodriges AL Jr, Serra MC. The effects of seven carbamide peroxide bleaching agents on enamel microhardness over time. J Am Dent Assoc 2003;134:1335-13342.
- Blankenau R, Goldstein RE, Haywood VB. The current status of vital tooth whitening techniques. Compend Contin Educ 1999;20:781-794.
- Bowles WH, Thompson LR. Vital bleaching: the effects of heat and hydrogen peroxide on pulpal enzymes. J Endod 1986;12:108-112.
- Cesar ICR, Redigolo ML, Liporoni PC. Analyses by photoreflectence spetroscopy and Vickers hardness of conventional and laser-assisted tooth bleaching. Am J Dent 2005;18:219-222.
- Chiesara E, Dayan AD, Duschner H, Maier H, White DJ. The safety of tooth whitening. Munksgaard: Blackwell, 2002.
- Chng HK, Yap AU, Wattanapayunkul P, Sim CP. Effects of traditional and alternative intracoronal bleaching agents on microhardness of human dentine. J Oral Rehabil 2004;31:811-816.
- Christensen GJ. Bleaching teeth: practitioner trends. J Am Dent Assoc 1997;128:16S-18S.
- Cobankara FK, Űnlü N, Altinöz HC, Özer F. Effectof home bleaching agents on the roughness and surface morphology of human enamel en dentine. Int Dent J 2004;54:211-216.
- Croll TP, Segura A. Tooth color improvement for children and teens: enamel microabrasion and dental bleaching. ASDC J Dent Child 1996;63:17-22.
- Feinman RA. Bleaching. A combination therapy. Cal Dent Assoc J 1987:10-13.
- Gökay O, Müjdeci A, Algin E. In vitro peroxide penetration into the pulp chamber from newer bleaching products. Int Endod J 2005;38:516-520.
- Goldstein RE. In-office bleaching: where we came from, where we are today. J Am Dent Assoc 1997;128:11S-15S.
- Haywood VB, Leech T, Heymann HO, Crumpler D, Bruggers K. Nightguard vital bleaching: effects on enamel surface texture en diffusion. Quint Int 1990;21:801-804.
- Joiner A, Thakker G. In vitro evaluation of a novel 6% hydrogen peroxide tooth whitening product. J Dent 2004;32:19-25
- Kraigher A, van der Veen MH, Potocnik I. Caries occurrence in rats after bleaching with 10% carbamide peroxide in vivo. Caries Res 2006;40:77-80.
- Langsten RE, Dunn WJ, Hartup GR, Murchison DF. Higher-concentration carbamide peroxide effects on surfaces of composites. J Esthet Restor Dent 2002;14:92-96.
- Leonard RH, Eagle JC, Garland GE, Matthews KP, Rudd AL, Phillips C. Nightguard vital bleaching and its effects on enamel surface morphology. J Esthet Dent 2001A;13:132-139.
- Li Y. Tooth bleaching using peroxide-containing agents: current status of safety issues. Compend Contin Educ 1998;19:783-6, 788.
- Lopes GC, Bonissoni L, Baratieri LN, Vieira LC, Monteiro S Jr. Effect of bleaching agents on the hardness and morpholgy of enamel. J Esthet Restor Dent 2002;14:24-30.
- McCracken MS, Haywood VB. Effects of 10% carbamide peroxide on the subsurface hardness of enamel. Quint Int 1995;26:21-24
- McCracken MS, Haywood VB. Demineralization effects of 10% carbamide peroxide. J Dent 1996;24:395-398.
- Park H-J, Nam S-H, Kim H-J, Kim K-H, Kim Y-J. Changes in bovine enamel after treatment with a 30% hydrogen peroxide bleaching agent. Dent Mater J 2004;23:517-521.
- Potocnic I, Kosec L, Gaspieric D. Effect of 10% carbamide peroxide bleaching gel on enamel microhardness, microstructure, and mineral content. J Endod 2000;26:203-206.
- Pretty IA, Edgar WM, Higham SM. The effect of bleaching on enamel susceptibility to acid erosion and demineralisation. Br Dent J 2005;198:285-290.
- Pugh G, Zaidel L, Lin N, Stranick M, Baley D. High levels of hydrogen peroxide in overnight tooth-whitening formulas: effects on enamel and pulp. J Esthet Restor Dent 2005;17:40-47.
- Sulieman M. An overview of bleaching techniques: I. History, chemistry, safety and legal aspects. Dent Update 2004;31:608-616
- Sulieman M, Addy M, Macdonald E, Rees JS. A safety study in vitro for the effects of an in-office bleaching system of the integrity of enamel and dentine. J Dent 2004;32:581-590.
- Tam LE, Abdool R, El-Badrawy W. Flexural strenght and modulus properties of cabamide peroxide-treated bovine dentine. J Esthet Dent Res 2005;17:359-368.
- Yap AUJ, Wattanapayungkul P. Effects of in-office tooth whiteners on hardness of tooth-colored restoratives. Oper Dent 2002;27:137-141.